Socioeconomics


Socioeconomics or socio-economics is the study of the relationship between economic activity and social life. The field is often considered multidisciplinary, using theories and methods from sociology, economics, history, psychology, and many others.

 
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Revised Temperature Dependent Ozone Absorption Cross Section Spect...

By: A. Serdyuchenko; J. P. Burrows; V. Gorshelev; W. Chehade; M. Weber

Description: Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP), University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany. Ozone absorption cross section spectra and other trace gases had been measured using the Scanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric ChartograpHY (SCIAMACHY) satellite instrument at relevant atmospheric conditions. The measured cross sections were relative cross sections and were converted to absolute values using published data. Using the SCIAMACHY's FM cross ...

Balis, D., Lambert, J. C., Van Roozendael, M., Spurr, R., Loyola, D., Livschitz, Y., Valks, P., Amiridis, V., Gerard, P., Granville, J., and Zehner, C.: Ten years of GOME/ERS2 total ozone data – The new GOME data processor (GDP) version 4: 2. Ground-based validation and comparisons with TOMS V7/V8, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D07307, doi:10.1029/2005JD006376, 2007.; Bass, A. M. and Paur, R. J.: The Ultraviolet Cross-Sections ...

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Reference Quality Upper-air Measurements: Gruan Data Processing fo...

By: D. F. Hurst; F. J. Immler; M. Sommer; R. Kivi; R. J. Dirksen; H. Vömel

Description: Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorologisches Observatorium Lindenberg, Richard Aßmann Observatorium, Am Observatorium 12, 15848, Lindenberg/Tauche, Germany. The GCOS Reference Upper Air Network (GRUAN) data processing for the Vaisala RS92 radiosonde was developed to meet the criteria for reference measurements. These criteria stipulate the collection of metadata, the use of well-documented correction algorithms, and estimates of the measurement uncertain...

Bock, O., Bosser, P., Bourcy, T., David, L., Goutail, F., Hoareau, C., Keckhut, P., Legain, D., Pazmino, A., Pelon, J., Pipis, K., Poujol, G., Sarkissian, A., Thom, C., Tournois, G., and Tzanos, D.: Accuracy assessment of water vapour measurements from in situ and remote sensing techniques during the DEMEVAP 2011 campaign at OHP, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 2777–2802, doi:10.5194/amt-6-2777-2013, 2013.; Calbet, X., Kivi, R...

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Quantifying the Value of Redundant Measurements at Gruan Sites : V...

By: A. Haefele; J. Güldner; F. Madonna; M. P. Cadeddu; D. Sisterson; R. Kivi; M. Rosoldi; G. Pappalardo

Description: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l'Analisi Ambientale (CNR-IMAA), C. da S. Loja, Tito Scalo, Potenza, 85050. The potential for measurement redundancy to reduce uncertainty in atmospheric variables has not been investigated comprehensively for climate observations. We evaluated the usefulness of entropy and mutual correlation concepts, as defined in information theory, for quantifying random uncertainty and redundancy in t...

Adam, W., Dier, H., and Leiterer, U.: 100 years aerology in Lindenberg and first long-time observations in the free atmosphere, Meteorol. Z., 14, 597–607, 2005.; Brocard, E., Philipona, R., Haefele, A., Romanens, G., Mueller, A., Ruffieux, D., Simeonov, V., and Calpini, B.: Raman Lidar for Meteorological Observations, RALMO – Part 2: Validation of water vapor measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 1347–1358, doi:10.5194/amt...

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The Gome-type Total Ozone Essential Climate Variable (Gto-ecv) Dat...

By: M. Coldewey-egbers; R. Spurr; C. Lerot; J. Granville; J.-c. Lambert; M. Van Roozendael; T. Verhoelst; D. Balis; D. G. Loyola; M. Koukouli; S. M. Frith; C. Zehner

Description: German Aerospace Center (DLR), Wessling, Germany. We present the new GOME-type Total Ozone Essential Climate Variable (GTO-ECV) data record which has been created within the framework of the European Space Agency's Climate Change Initiative (ESA-CCI). Total ozone column observations – based on the GOME-type Direct Fitting version 3 algorithm – from GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment), SCIAMACHY (SCanning Imaging Absorption SpectroMeter for ...

Balis, D., Kroon, M., Koukouli, M. E., Brinksma, E. J., Labow, G., Veefkind, J. P., and McPeters, R. D.: Validation of Ozone Monitoring Instrument total ozone column measurements using Brewer and Dobson spectrophotometer ground-based observations, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D24S46, doi:10.1029/2007JD008796, 2007a.; Balis, D., Lambert, J.-C., van Roozendael, M., Spurr, R., Loyola, D., Livschitz, Y., Valks, P., Amiridis, V., G...

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Metrology of Ground-based Satellite Validation: Co-location Mismat...

By: U. Köhler; J.-p. Pommereau; C. Lerot; T. Verhoelst; J.-c. Lambert; A. Redondas; J. Granville; F. Hendrick; M. Van Roozendael

Description: Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Ringlaan 3, 1180 Uccle, Belgium. Comparisons with ground-based correlative measurements constitute a key component in the validation of satellite data on atmospheric composition. The error budget of these comparisons contains not only the measurement uncertainties but also several terms related to differences in sampling and smoothing of the inhomogeneous and variable atmospheric field. A versatile ...

Arnold Jr., C. P. and Dey, C. H.: Observing-systems simulation experiments: past, present, and future, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 67, 687–695, 2.0.CO;2>doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1986)067<0687:OSSEPP>2.0.CO;2, 1986.; Balis, D., Kroon, M., Koukouli, M. E., Brinksma, E. J., Labow, G., Veefkind, J. P., and McPeters, R. D.: Validation of Ozone Monitoring Instrument total ozone column measurements using Brewer and Do...

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Influence of Turbidity and Clouds on Satellite Total Ozone Data Ov...

By: D. Loyola; E. Hernandez; M. Antón; J. L. Camacho

Description: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología (AEMET), Madrid, Spain. This article focuses on the comparison of the total ozone column data from three satellite instruments; Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometers (TOMS) on board the Earth Probe (EP), Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on board AURA and Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) on board ERS/2, with ground-based measurement recorded by a well calibrated Brewer spectrophotometer located in Madrid during the p...

Antón, M., Loyola, D., Navascúes, B., and Valks, P.: Comparison of GOME total ozone data with ground data from the Spanish Brewer spectroradiometers, Ann. Geophys., 26, 401–412, doi:10.5194/angeo-26-401-2008, 2008.; Antón, M., Loyola, D., López, M., Vilaplana, J. M., Bañón, M., Zimmer, W., and Serrano, A.: Comparison of GOME-2/MetOp total ozone data with Brewer spectroradiometer data over the Iberian Peninsula, Ann. Geophys., 27, 1377–1386, doi:10.5194/angeo-27-1377-2009...

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N2O Emissions from the Global Agricultural Nitrogen Cycle – Curren...

By: J. P. Dietrich; L. Scheiffele; I. Weindl; B. L. Bodirsky; S. Rolinski; C. Schmitz; H. Lotze-campen; A. Popp

Description: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), P.O. Box 60 12 03, 14412 Potsdam, Germany. Reactive nitrogen (Nr) is not only an important nutrient for plant growth, thereby safeguarding human alimentation, but it also heavily disturbs natural systems. To mitigate air, land, aquatic, and atmospheric pollution caused by the excessive availability of Nr, it is crucial to understand the long-term development of the global agricult...

Bodirsky, B.L., Rolinski, S., Biewald, A., Weindl, I., Popp, A., and Lotze-Campen, H.: Global food demand projections for the 21st century, in preparation, 2012.; Bondeau, A., Smith, P. C., Zaehle, S., Schaphoff, S., Lucht, W., Cramer, W., Gerten, D., Lotze-Campen, H., Müller, C., Reichstein, M., and Smith, B.: Modelling the role of agriculture for the 20th century global terrestrial carbon balance, Glob. Change Biol., 13, 679–706, 2007.; Bouwman, A. F., Van Drecht, G., ...

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Current State and Future Scenarios of the Global Agricultural Nitr...

By: L. Scheiffele; J. P. Dietrich; I. Weindl; S. Rolinski; B. L. Bodirsky; A. Popp; C. Schmitz; H. Lotze-campen

Description: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), P.O. Box 60 12 03, 14412 Potsdam, Germany. Reactive nitrogen (Nr) is not only an important nutrient for plant growth, thereby safeguarding human alimentation, but it also heavily disturbs natural systems. To mitigate air, land, aquatic, and atmospheric pollution caused by the excessive availability of Nr, it is crucial to understand the long term development of the global agricult...

Bondeau, A., Smith, P. C., Zaehle, S., Schaphoff, S., Lucht, W., Cramer, W., Gerten, D., Lotze-Campen, H., Müller, C., Reichstein, M., and Smith, B.: Modelling the role of agriculture for the 20th century global terrestrial carbon balance, Glob. Change Biol., 13, 679–706, 2007.; Bouwman, A. F., Van Drecht, G., and Van der Hoek, K. W.: Nitrogen surface balances in intensive agricultural production systems in different world regions for the period 1970–2030, Pedosphere, 15...

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Water Resources Trends in Middle East and North Africa Towards 205...

By: M. F. P. Bierkens; W. W. Immerzeel; B. Debele; J. Hoogeveen; L. P. H. Van Beek; W. Terink; P. Droogers

Description: FutureWater, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Changes in water resources availability can be expected as consequences of climate change, population growth, economic development and environmental considerations. A two-stage modeling approach is used to explore the impact of these changes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. An advanced, physically based, distributed, hydrological model is applied to determine the internal and external renewable...

Abu-Zeid, K., Wagdy, A., Elbadawy, O., and Abdel-Meguid A.: State of the Water Report in the Arab Region, CEDARE and the Arab Water Council, Cairo, Egypt, 2004.; Abu-Zeid, M. and El-Shibini, F. Z.: Egypt's High Aswan Dam, Water Resources Development, 13, 209–217, 1997.; Addams, L., Boccaletti, G., Kerlin, M., and Stuchtey, M.: Charting Our Water Future: Economic frameworks to inform decision-making, Water, Vol. 21, 2030 Water Resources Group, available at: 

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Modeling Water Resources Trends in Middle East and North Africa To...

By: W. W. Immerzeel; J. Hoogeveen; W. Terink; L. P. H. Van Beek; M. F. P. Bierkens; P. Droogers; B. D. Negewo

Description: FutureWater, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Changes in water resources availability can be expected as consequences of climate change, population growth, economic development and environmental considerations. A two-stage modeling approach is used to explore the impact of these changes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. An advanced physical based distributed hydrological model is applied to determine the internal and exte...

2030 Water Resources Group: Charting our water future, Economic frameworks to inform decision-making,McKinsey, Washington DC, USA, 2009.; Abu-Zeid, K., Wagdy, A., Elbadawy, O., and Abdel-Meguid A.: State of the Water Report in the Arab Region, CEDARE and the Arab Water Council, Cairo, Egypt, 2004.; Agrawala, S. and van Aalst, M.: Adapting development cooperation to adapt climate change, Clim. Policy, 8, 183–193, 2008.; Allam, M. N.: Water resources and future challenges ...

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Tight Coupling Ufmarcgis for Simulating Inundation Depth in Densel...

By: S. H. Kang

Description: Dept. of Civil Engineering, Kangwon National University, Samcheok, Republic of Korea. The integration of hydrological models and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) usually takes two approaches: loose coupling and tight coupling. This paper presents a tight coupling approach within a GIS environment that is achieved by integrating the urban flood model with the macro language of GIS. Such an approach affords an uncomplicated way to capitalize on the G...

Iwasa, Y., Inoue, K., and Mizutory, M.: Hydraulic analysis of overland flood flows by means of numerical method, Annuals of DPRI, Kyoto Univ., 23B, 305–317, 1980.; Abbott, M. B. and Minns, A. W.: Computational hydraulics, Hampshire, Ashgate press, 1998.; Barrera, A., Llasat, M. C., and Barriendos, M.: Estimation of extreme flash flood evolution in Barcelona County from 1351 to 2005, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 505–518, doi:10.5194/nhess-6-505-2006, 2006.; Bishop, I...

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Mid-Session Review

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Last year, after five consecutive years of declining deficits, the Federal budget was brought into balance. In fiscal year 1998, an unprecedented sixth consecutive year of improved fiscal results, the Federal Government produced its first budget surplus in 29 years. Fiscal year 1999 will mark the seventh consecutive year of improved fiscal balance the longest such series in history with an even larger surplus than in 1998. These will be the first back-to-back su...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2005; Volume 83, Numbe...

By: Darryn L. Knobel

Medical Reference Publication

The countries of Europe, with their long experience and vast resources, have a special responsibility to the rest of the world as front-runners in exploring new avenues to solve health problems and reduce inequalities. Following theadoption in 1977ofhealth for all as the main social target of governments and WHO, the European Region has taken very important steps towards the attainment of that goal, with the formulation of a common health policy in 1980 and the adoption ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The World Health Organization, as the directing and coordinating authority on international health, has as one of its primary functions the collection, validation and dissemination of epidemiological, managerial and scientific datalinformation, for the purpose of facilitating health systems development in Member States. In 1977 the Thirtieth World Health Assembly decided that the main social goal of governments and WHO in the coming decades should be the attainment by al...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 671: Tube...

By: V. K. Agadzi

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION A Study Group on Tuberculosis Control, jointly sponsored by the International Union against Tuberculosis and by the World Health Organization, met in Geneva from 14 to 18 September 198 1 with the following objectives: (a) to consider the effectiveness, in terms of the reduction of the problem, of various tuberculosis control strategies at different levels of applications; (b) to review the obstacles encountered in the implementation of recommended strateg...

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Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans

By: Tommy G. Thompson

Health, United States, 2002 is the 26th report on the health status of the Nation, and is submitted by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to the President and Congress of the United States in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Service Act. This report was compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics served in a r...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92415803...

By: Derek Yach, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Summary High quality health statistics are essential for planning and implementing health policy in all country settings. In fact noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factor data are crucial for predicting the future burden of chronic disease in populations and also for identifying potential interventions to reduce the future burden. The Surveillance of Risk Factors report (SuRF) presents, for the first time, country-level NCD risk factor prevalence data from the WHO Membe...

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World Health Organization Publication : 9241590092: Health, Econom...

By: Jeffrey D. Sachs

Medical Reference Publication

The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health (CMH) was launched in January 2000 by Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of the World Health Organization. Its mission was to analyze the impact of health on development and to examine ways in which health-related investments could spur economic development. The Commission worked to develop specific recommendations that would save lives, reduce poverty, and spur economic growth through a scaling up of investments in the...

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Health : United States, 2002

By: Tommy G. Thompson

Health, United States, 2002 is the 26th report on the health status of the Nation, and is submitted by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to the President and Congress of the United States in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Service Act. This report was compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics served in a r...

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Health : United States, 2003

By: Tommy G. Thompson

Health, United States, 2003 is the 27th report on the health status of the Nation, and is submitted by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to the President and Congress of the United States in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Service Act. This report was compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics served in a r...

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