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Probability Theory


Probability is a way of expressing knowledge or belief that an event will occur or has occurred. The concept has an exact mathematical meaning in probability theory, which is used extensively in such areas of study as mathematics, statistics, finance, gambling, science, Artificial intelligence/Machine learning and philosophy to draw conclusions about the likelihood of potential events and the underlying mechanics of complex systems.

 
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Techniques for Tracking, Evaluating, And Reporting the Implementat...

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Trend monitoring involves long-term monitoring of changes in one or more parameters. As discussed in this guidance, public attitudes, land use, and the use of various urban BMPs are examples of parameters that could be measured with trend monitoring. Isolating the impacts of MMs and BMPs on water quality requires trend monitoring.

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My Dear Sister-in-law

By: Manohar Asija

Female spouse of one’s brother is called `sister-in-law`; similarly the sister of one’s spouse is sister-in-law. Again, the wife of one’s brother-in-law is also called sister-in-law, subject however to the condition that the said brother-in-law is not the husband of one’s own sister. Thus, in Indian society, we find a vast variety of sister-in-law. However, one factor of commonality is often found in the cases where at both ends of this relationship, we have females. The...

Perched in his wheelchair, at the moment on 30th June, 2007, this erstwhile lover of Maya Dua is expecting Vibha Ratra ..... Of course, this infirm oldie his first ever acquaintance with Vibha Ratra took place, when his family ... Our mother, though surprised to be getting acquainted by her son to Mrs Wilson as the bride's mother, chose to maintain silence about her knowledge of that lady's `swarthy` reputation in the residential vicinity, during their adolescence. Inst...

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My Dear Sister-in-Law

By: Manohar Asija

Female spouse of one’s brother is called `sister-in-law`; similarly the sister of one’s spouse is sister-in-law. Again, the wife of one’s brother-in-law is also called sister-in-law, subject however to the condition that the said brother-in-law is not the husband of one’s own sister. Thus, in Indian society, we find a vast variety of sister-in-law. However, one factor of commonality is often found in the cases where at both ends of this relationship, we have females. Th...

Perched in his wheelchair, at the moment on 30th June, 2007, this erstwhile lover of Maya -law. Of course, this infirm oldie his first ever acquaintance with Vibha Ratra took place, when his family ... Our mother, though surprised to be getting acquainted by her son to Mrs Wilson as the bride's mother, chose to maintain silence about her knowledge of that lady's `swarthy` reputation in the residential vicinity, during their adolescence. Instead of consoling his father i...

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World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION During the last consultation on this subject the group expressed the opinion that time was ripe, should final safety and placebo bait delivery tests be successfully performed, for initiating small-scale efficacy trials in selected areas. No such controlled trials have been started at the date of this meeting as delays occurred in the implementation of the safety tests required. Data have become available, however, on important aspects of the OVD concept i...

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Small-Scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents...

By: Dana A. Shea

Introduction: Public concern about the nation’s vulnerability to chemical and biological (C/B) terrorism was amplified by the consequences of the anthrax mailings that sickened 22 people and killed 5 between September and November, 2001. Subsequent C/B terrorism events, such as the Ricin mailings to the White House in 2003 and to the Senate in 2004, have served to highlight the potential for future terrorist attacks using C/B agents. C/B weapons, previously considered to...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for ...

By: Paul L. Ziemer, Ph. D.

The first meeting of the Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health (ABRWH) was convened by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in Washington, D.C., on January 22-23,2002. All the members were in attendance, as were representatives of several federal agencies and interested members of the public. Welcomes were extended to the members by the Deputy Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS); the Acting Director of NIOSH, whic...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 455: Trep...

By: S. Christiansen

Medical Reference Publication

A WHO Scientific Group on Treponematoses Research met in Geneva from 18 to 25 November 1969. The meeting was opened by Dr A. M.-M. Payne, Assistant Director-General, who welcomed the participants on behalf of the Director-General.

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Small-Scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents...

By: Dana A. Shea

Excerpt: Public concern about the nation’s vulnerability to chemical and biological (C/B) terrorism was amplified by the consequences of the anthrax mailings that sickened 22 people and killed 5 between September and November, 2001. Subsequent C/B terrorism events, such as the Ricin mailings to the White House in 2003 and to the Senate in 2004, have served to highlight the potential for future terrorist attacks using C/B agents. C/B weapons, previously considered to be o...

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Vital and Health Statistics

By: Edward J. Sondik, Ph. D.

Introduction: The National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) is a survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). NCHS is one of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The NSFG is designed to make national estimates of factors affecting birth and pregnancy rates in the United States.

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Vital and Health Statistics

By: Jack R. Anderson

Introduction: In 1965 the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) initiated the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) to collect and disseminate data on inpatient utilization of short-stay non-Federal hospitals in the United States and District of Columbia. The importance of measuring inpatient care made NHDS the first survey of medical care delivery conducted by the NCHS (1,2) and inpatient care continues to play a major role in health care delivery (3). The NH...

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Vital and Health Statistics

By: Lester R. Curtin, Ph. D.

Introduction: This report describes the procedures used in the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth to select the sample, develop the sampling weights, impute missing data, and estimate sampling errors. These procedures help to ensure that the sample data can be used to make valid national estimates. They also allow researchers to draw statistically sound conclusions from the data. Parts of this report contain a great deal of technical detail. For readers seeking a gene...

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The Radar Game

By: Rebecca Grant

Physics Literature

Excerpt: Precision weapons and rapid targeting information mean little if aircraft are unable to survive engagements with enemy air defenses. In addition to costing the lives of pilots, high levels of attrition can ultimately affect the outcome of the theater campaign. One of the most critical factors in determining the success of an air operation is survivability. In the last several decades, the term survivability has been associated with analysis of how low observable...

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