Socioeconomics


Socioeconomics or socio-economics is the study of the relationship between economic activity and social life. The field is often considered multidisciplinary, using theories and methods from sociology, economics, history, psychology, and many others.

 
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Private Sector Participation, Structural Adjustment and Nigerias N...

By: Robert M. Buckley

Economics

One of the main objectiveso f a structural adjustmenpt rogram is to shift the demandf or goods so that fewer goods are imported and domestic production increases. In the Nigerian shelters ectort his shift appearsn ot to have occurrede vent hought he adjustmentp rogram is now six years old. In fact, domestic production has been rapidly declining as a share of GDP for the past decade to a level 40 percent of that achieved in the late 1970s. In addition, it appears that the...

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Private Sector Participation, Structural Adjustment and Nigerias N...

By: Robert M. Buckley

Economics

One of the main objectiveso f a structural adjustmenpt rogram is to shift the demandf or goods so that fewer goods are imported and domestic production increases. In the Nigerian shelters ectort his shift appearsn ot to have occurrede vent hought he adjustmentp rogram is now six years old. In fact, domestic production has been rapidly declining as a share of GDP for the past decade to a level 40 percent of that achieved in the late 1970s. In addition, it appears that the...

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Barter in Transition Economies : Competing Explanations Confront U...

By: Dalia Marin

Economics

Introduction: One of the most striking puzzles of the recent development in the former Soviet Union (FSU) is the rise of barter trade. In a barter trade goods are paid with goods or money surrogates rather than cash. Under central planning this form of trade was especially observed in international trade among CMEA countries as well as in East- West trade.1 Barter in the domestic economy in Russia started to rise after macroeconomic stabilization in 1994 from 5 percent o...

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Barter in Transition Economies : Competing Explanations Confront U...

By: Dalia Marin

Economics

1 Introduction: One of the most striking puzzles posed by recent developments in the former Soviet Union (FSU) is the rise of barter trade. In barter trade goods are paid for with goods or money surrogates rather than cash. Under central planning this form of trade was especially observed in international trade among CMEA countries as well as in East-West trade.' Barter in the domestic economy in Russia started to rise after macroeconomic stabilisation in 1994 from 5 per...

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Measuring Governance Using Cross-Country Perceptions Data

By: Daniel Kaufmann

Economics

Today there is widespread consensus among policymakers and academics that good governance and strong institutions lie at the core of economic development. The intellectual foundations for this view are not new, and go back at least to the seminal work of Douglass North and earlier. What is new is that over the past 10 years there has been an explosion of careful empirical work that has documented a strong causal link running from better institutions to better development...

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Standard of Living in Ukraine

By: Stephen Rapawy

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The economic crisis in the former Soviet Union depressed living standards, but the extent is unclear. Data presented in value terms are to be treated with caution because price deflators do not adequately account for the extreme inflation that has occurred, as consumer prices rose 38,000 times over between 1990 and 1995. At the same time, the reported decrease in production seems incorrect. Gross domestic product (GDP) reportedly fell 52 percent during the 5-yea...

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Appendix B : Acronyms Appearing in the Preliminary Report

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: AUV Autonomous Underwater Vehicle BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CALFED California Bay-Delta Program CBD Convention on Biological Diversity CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center CEIP Coastal Energy Impact Plan CIAP Coastal Impact Assistance Program CIESIN Center for International Earth Science Information Network CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species...

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Intellectual Property Protection as Economic Policy : Will China E...

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Roundtable was convened, pursuant to notice, at 2 p.m., in room 192, Dirksen Senate Office Building, John Foarde (staff director) presiding. Also present: Demetrios Marantis, Office of Senator Max Baucus; Susan Roosevelt Weld, general counsel; Keith Hand, senior counsel; Adam Bobrow, counsel, commercial rule of law; and William A. Farris, senior specialist on Internet and commercial rule of law. Mr. FOARDE. Good afternoon, everyone. Let us get started. We ha...

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Returning to Economic Vitality

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Begun to slow in the middle of 2000. InMarch 2000, stock market indices peaked. Over the following year, household equity wealth fell by over $4 trillion. After expanding at a double digit pace for eight years, business equipment investment slowed markedly in the third quarter of 2000 and turned negative in the fourth quarter. At about the same time, energy prices jumped to painful new levels. Manufacturing was hit particularly hard: in the five quarters startin...

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Exhibit R-2, Rdt&E Budget Item Justification

By: Department of Defense

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: (U) A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification This program funds research, development, and management of new air traffic control surveillance, positioning, and precision approach capabilities. This project includes the Mobile Approach Control System (MACS) which will replace non-standard, unsupportable, large footprint mobile radar approach systems with a common, easily-transportable system for use by both the Air National Guard and active duty AF. T...

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Review of the Existing Studies Related to Fuelwood And/Or Charcoal

By: Eleas Arayal

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Eritrea is located in the northeastern part of Africa and covers an area of 124,320 km2. It is bounded by the Sudan in the west and north west, Ethiopia in the south, Djibouti in the southeast, and the Red Sea in the east (FAO/ Sectoral review, 1994). Administratively, Eritrea is divided into six zones (zoba) namely: Makel, Debub, Gash-Barka, Anseba, Semenawi Keih Bahri, and Debubawi Keih Bahri. The population of Eritrea is about 3.5 million out of whom 80% live...

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Paying for Forest Environmental Services: The Costa Rican Experience

By: J. M. Rodriguez Zuniga

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The recent refusal of the Government of Costa Rica to grant oil-drilling concessions on its territory or to allow open-pit gold mining is in line with the overall national policy to restore its natural resources after a long period of depletion. Instead of tapping its nonrenewable resources to finance development, Costa Rica now favours the use of environment-friendly activities such as tourism, which is the second largest contributor to the gross domestic produ...

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Map of the West Bank and Gaza Strip 2003

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ACAD Arab Centre for Agricultural Development AEI Ard El Insan (Terre des Hommes WBGS) ANERA American Near East Refugee Aid ACH Accion Contra la Hambre AHLC Ad Hoc Liaison Committee BSE Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis CHF Cooperative Housing Foundation CL FAO Council COGAT Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories CPI Consumer Price Index CRS Catholic Relief Service CSI Coping Strategy Index CU Customs Union EC European Co...

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The Forest Revenue System and Government Expenditure on Forestry i...

By: James W. Doe

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Liberia is situated on the West Coast of Africa. The population of the country is estimated at 2.5 million people with a growth rate of 3.2 percent per annum. The country?s land area covers 37,150 square miles (9,675,000 ha). Of this, National Forests and one National Park occupy 2,085,898 ha. The forestry sector is a major source of revenue. The sector?s contribution to GDP and foreign exchange earnings ranged between 4-8 percent and 5-9 percent respectively pr...

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India

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The terrain of India varies from the Himalayas to flat river valleys. Natural resources are coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, chromite, thorium, limestone, barite, titanium ore, diamonds and crude oil. Twothirds of India?s labour force works in agriculture which, with forestry and fishing, accounts for around 22.7 percent of GDP. However, the majority of landholdings are farmed at subsistence level, and many farming families live below the poverty line. ...

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The Forest Revenue System and Government Expenditure on Forestry i...

By: Yves Yalibanda

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Natural resources are very important for the economy of Central African Republic. Forestry activities are the third most important component of GDP, second in terms of exports and second in terms of government revenue collection. The forestry sector is also the major private-sector employer in the country. Roundwood production in Central African Republic has declined in recent years and is currently around 500,000 cubic metres per year. Thirty percent of this is...

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Poverty and Agricultural Growth: Chile in the 1990S

By: Ramon Lopez

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: We first econometrically estimate the impact of agricultural growth on the real wage of unskilled workers, its employment level, real food prices and income of poor farmers. Next we simulate how such changes impact the income of the poor and how they affect the extent and depth of poverty. We consider a benchmark case based on the current situation and then using the same methodology we simulate how poverty would have changed if agricultural and agro-processing ...

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Report of the Expert Consultation on Small-Scale Fisheries Managem...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Background: Fish and fishery products contribute to nutrition, food security and employment in many countries, including those in sub-Saharan Africa. In many of the countries in this region, small-scale fisheries supply up to 80 percent of the products for domestic consumption, which improves nutrition for the poor and vulnerable and ensures food security in fishing communities. The subsector sustains the supplies through artisanal fishermen who are over 600 000 along th...

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Volume II of VII Bankable Investment Profile Phase II of Madibira ...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: I. PROGRAMME BACKGROUND A. Programme Origin I.1. African Heads of State and Government have adopted the New Partnership for Africa?s Development (NEPAD) as an overall framework for achieving Africa?s self?reliant development. NEPAD?s objectives include the eradication of poverty, accelerating sustainable economic development and ending of economic marginalisation. An annual growth rate in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of 7 percent is targeted over the next 20 yea...

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Volume III of VII Bankable Investment Profile District Irrigation ...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: I. PROGRAMME BACKGROUND A. Programme Origin I.1. African Heads of State and Government have adopted the New Partnership for Africa?s Development (NEPAD) as an overall framework for achieving Africa?s self?reliant development. NEPAD?s objectives include the eradication of poverty, accelerating sustainable economic development and ending of economic marginalisation. An annual growth rate in Gross Domes Product (GDP) of 7 percent is targeted over the next 20 years....

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